Instructions for Authors
Before manuscript submission, please read and follow these instructions carefully; following through with the guidelines will be helpful in ensuring that the publication of your manuscript is as rapid and efficient as possible.
The section titles given are for research articles. Review articles and other article types have a more flexible structure.
Your manuscript should be in Microsoft Word format. You are advised to download the document, Manuscript Submission Template, as a template or for more details on preparing your submissions for consideration. Authors may download a MS Word template by clicking here.
Manuscripts for Journal of Sustainable Business and Economics should be submitted online at https://journals.bilpublishing.com/index.php/jsbe or email at email@example.com.
The submitting author, who is generally the corresponding author, is responsible for the manuscript during the submission and peer-review process. The submitting author must ensure that all eligible co-authors have been included in the author list and that they have all read and approved the submitted version of the manuscript. To submit your manuscript, register and log in to the submission website.
Please note: The total amount of data for a file must not exceed 8 MB. If this is a problem, please contact the Editorial Office firstname.lastname@example.org.
Types of Articles
The journal welcomes submission of full-length research articles, review articles, and Short Communications.
Manuscripts submitted to our journals must be written in English. Papers accepted for publication vary from 5 to 20 pages (at least 3000 words but no more than 10000 words, inclusive of references).
A cover letter must be included with each manuscript submission. It should be should contain the following:
- A brief description of the novelty and importance of the findings detailed in the manuscript and why it fits the scope of the journal
- Confirm that neither the manuscript nor any significant part of it is under consideration for publication elsewhere or has appeared elsewhere in a manner that could be construed as a prior or duplication of the same work
- Exclusion of individuals who might have conflict of interest from reviewing the work (including name, email address and affiliation)
- Conflict of interest statement
- Informed Consent(if need)
The title of your manuscript should be succinct, specific and relevant, and should be able to give readers an overall view of the paper’s significance. Titles should avoid using uncommon jargons, abbreviations and punctuation, and should not exceed 50 words.
Authors' full first and last names should be given. Provide the full affiliation for each author including academic affiliation (or postal address), city, postcode, country, e-mail(optional); At least one author should be designated as corresponding author, and his or her email address and other details should be included at the end of the affiliation section. Eg. Department, University, Province/City/State, Postal Code, Country
The abstract limited to a 300-word maximum. A general introduction to the research topic of the paper should be provided, along with a brief summary of its main results and implications. Kindly ensure the abstract is self-contained and remains readable to a wider audience. The abstract should be an objective representation of the article and it must not contain results that are not presented and substantiated in the main text and should not exaggerate the main conclusions.
3-8 keywords need to be added after the abstract, separated by a semi-colon, be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.
Section headings, sub-headings, and sub-subheadings should be differentiated by number . Please number the section headings (e.g. 1, 2, 3, 4, etc.) in boldface. Likewise, use boldface to identify subheadings too but please distinguish it from major headings using numbers (e.g. 1.1, 1.2, 2.1, 2.2, etc.).
The introduction should briefly place the study in a broad context and highlight why it is important,in particular, in relation to current state of research in the field. Finally, it can conclude with a brief statement of the aim of the work and a comment about whether that aim was achieved.
Materials and Methods
In this section, the methods used to obtain the results in the paper should be clearly elucidated. This allows readers to be able to replicate the study in the future. Authors should ensure that any references made to other research or experiments should be clearly cited.
In this section, the results of experiments conducted should be detailed. The results should not be discussed at length in this section. Alternatively, Results and Discussion can also be combined to a single section.
This section can be divided into subheadings and focuses on the results of the experiments performed.
This section should provide the significance of the results and identify the impact of the research in a broader context.It should not be redundant or similar to the content of the results section..A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Suggestions for future research can also be discussed in this section.
This should clearly explain the main conclusions of the article, highlighting its importance and relevance.
The contributions of all listed authors should be described here. Co-first authors should have a more detailed description of their involvement compared to the other authors.
Conflict of Interest
Declaration of conflict of interest.
Authors should declare all financial and non-financial support that have the potential to be deemed as a source of competing interest in relations to their submitted manuscript in this section.
In this section, you can acknowledge any support given which is not covered by the author contribution or funding sections. This may include administrative and technical support, or donations in kind (e.g., materials used for experiments).
If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. The appendix is an optional section that can contain details and data supplemental to the main text.
All appendix sections must be cited in the main text. In the appendices, Figures, Tables, etc. should be labeled starting with “A”—e.g., Figure A1, Figure A2, etc.
Figures include photographs, scanned images, graphs, charts and schematic diagrams.These captions should be numbered (e.g. Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.) .All figures and tables must have a brief title (also known as caption) that describes the entire figure without citing specific panels, followed by a legend, defined as description of each panel. Please identify each panel with uppercase letters in parenthesis (e.g. (A), (B), (C), etc.) . All figures should be legible in print form and of optimal resolution.
Tables, lists and equations
Tables, lists and equations must be submitted together with the manuscript. Likewise, lists and equations should be properly aligned and its meaning clear to readers. Tables created using Microsoft Word table function are preferred. Place each table in your manuscript file right after the paragraph in which it is first cited. Do not submit your tables in separate files. The tables should include a concise but sufficiently explanatory title at the top.
Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Leave some extra space between the columns instead. All tables should be based on three horizontal lines to separate the caption, header and body. A few additional horizontal lines MAY be included as needed. Any explanations essential to the understanding of the table should be given in footnotes at the bottom of the table. SI units should be used.
Equations: please use the MathType add-on. Equations should be editable by the editorial office and not appear in a picture format.
In-text citations should be numbered consecutively in superscript square brackets.
Negotiation research spans many disciplines [4, 6].
This result was later contradicted by Okamura and Ozawa .
This effect has been widely studied [1–3, 7].
All references should be numbered consecutively in the order of their first citation.
Author1 name, Author2 name, Author3 name, Year. Article Title, Journal Name. Vol. No., Issue No.: Page numbers. DOI (or URL)
Author 1, Author 2, Title of the chapter, In Book Title, 2nd ed.; Editor 1, A., Editor 2, B., Eds.; Publisher: Publisher Location, Country, 2010; Volume 4, pp. 100–127.
Author 1, Author 2, Book Title, 3rd ed.; Publisher: Publisher Location, Country, 2011; pp. 99–136.
Author 1, Author 2, Title of Unpublished Work. Abbreviated Journal Name stage of publication (under review; accepted; in press).
The consent of all authors, as well as related authorities/institutions has been received prior to the submission of the manuscript.
The order of the authors (as to be reflected on the published article) has been established. The adding or deleting of authors once the manuscript has been accepted for publication would have to be accompanied by a signed statement of consent of all authors.
All authors have contributed significantly to the research. Authors are obligated to participate in the peer review process, providing retractions/corrections/amendments when necessary.
All conflicts of interest/financial support have been declared.
The editorial team does not approve of any plagiarism attempts. iThenticate will be utilized at the editor’s discretion to verify the originality of submitted manuscripts. If plagiarism is detected during the review process the manuscript may be rejected pending the severity of plagiarism. Therefore, if a manuscript uses a text copied directly from another source, this text must be written in quotation marks and the original source must be cited.
Author-initiated submission withdrawal
If authors change their mind and decide not to pursue publication of papers with the journal, they must write a letter addressed to our editors at email@example.com, explaining the reason(s) of submission withdrawal. Consents of all co-authors must be obtained for author-initiated submission withdrawal. The decision to withdraw a submission would eventually rest with the editors, including the Editor-in-Chief.
It is relatively more difficult in withdrawing a new submission paper that has been processed for peer-review or is under peer-review compared to withdrawing a new submission because the editors and reviewers have expended much time and energy in editorial process and manuscript evaluation, respectively.To withdraw a paper that has been processed for peer-review, authors should clearly argue their case on scientific reasons; only valid and sound reasons will be accepted. Once the approval of submission withdrawal is granted, the submission will be removed from the journal’s online submission system, and a confirmation email of submission withdrawal will be sent to the authors.
In general, the editors of Journal of Sustainable Business and Economics consider the following as *unethical and unreasonable reasons* of withdrawing a submission:
*Unaware of the Article Processing Charge payable after paper acceptance (or reluctant to pay Article Processing Charge). Authors are advised to find out the publication fees associated with the journal before making a decision to submit. It is unethical to submit and proceed with the editorial process for a submission under consideration for publication if authors do not have plans of paying the Article Processing Charge upon acceptance.
*Do not want to make all research data or findings available to the journal. Before a submission is made, authors are responsible to check whether the research data or findings presented in manuscript are compatible with their desired journal and/or type of submission they intend to make. There are no defined criteria as to how much data or findings should be published in a paper, but we believe that it is necessary to obtain enough data from experiments to make precise and accurate interpretation.Thus, it is in authors’ best interest to provide, present and publish all relevant data and findings.
*Wanting to submit to a higher- or lower-impact journal. It’s the authors’ responsibility to vet the journal background before making a decision to submit. Making a submission to the journal is comparable to admitting that the quality and standard of the submission match with that of the journal.
In the event that authors insist to withdraw submission on unethical and unreasonable grounds (see the above-mentioned *unethical and unreasonable reasons*), they will be demanded to pay submission withdrawal fee that is charged at 30% of the Article Processing Charge. Once the payment of submission withdrawal fee is made, the submission will be removed from the journal’s online submission system, and a confirmation email of submission withdrawal will be sent to the authors.
Retraction to published articles
A Retraction notice will be issued where infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submissions, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or any major misconduct. Occasionally a retraction can be used to correct errors in submission or publication. The main reason for retraction is to correct the mistake while preserving the integrity of science. The decision to issue a retraction for an article will be made in accordance with COPE guidelines.
Standards for dealing with retractions have been developed by a number of library and scholarly bodies, and this practice has been adopted for article retraction by Journal of Sustainable Business and Economics:
- Add a “retracted” watermark to the published Version of Record of the article,
- Issue a separate retraction statement, titled ‘Retraction: [article title]’, that will be linked to the retracted article.
Authors should note that any amounts of paid Article Processing Charge will not be refunded if their accepted papers or Articles in Press are withdrawn on the grounds of academic misconducts and ethical violations in research and publication.
Conflict of Interest
All authors must disclose all relationships or interests in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might have influenced the presented results or their interpretation.
Authors can disclose potential conflicts of interest via the online submission system during the submission process. Declarations regarding conflicts of interest can also be stated in the cover letter.A statement in the manuscript must include in a separate section “Conflicts of Interest” placed just before the reference list. The statement should reflect all the collected potential conflict of interest disclosures in the form. If authors who have nothing to declare are encouraged to add "No conflict of interest was reported by all authors" in this section.